Causes of Acne
It is said that there is no known cause of acne. In every individual case, acne could happen due to different reasons. However, here are a few general causes behind acne.
A lot of hormonal medications also lead to acne. For eg.- Contraceptive pills can sometimes aggravate acne in women. Apart from this, certain stress medications can also cause acne.
Certain environmental factors can also lead to acne. These are:
- The use of certain cosmetics, especially moisturizers with an oily base.
- Constant friction against the skin due to headbands or straps.
- Hot and humid conditions.
- Diet, sometimes due to excessive intake of dairy products (though this is still a controversial issue).
Although there are no clear evidences to establish food as one of the causes of acne, it is believed that certain foods may lead to acne. Certain foods like chocolates and oily foods are said to cause acne in some people. Therefore, it is advisable to eat all healthy food for a healthy looking skin.
Click here to read more about the connection between diet and acne.
In order to control unwanted bacteria, the body sends out white blood cells to fight against it. The skin reacts to these white blood cells by inflaming. This inflammation causes the pimples to become swollen, red and painful and turn them into acne.
Generally dead cells are thrown out of the skin, but if they accumulate under the skin, they mix with sebum and cause acne.
Over secretion of sebum by the sebaceous glands plugs the hair follicles and causes acne. The production of sebum is governed by various hormones called androgens. The change in these hormones leads to over secretion of sebum which then causes acne.
If there has been a history of acne in your family then you are very likely to be a sufferer of the same. Genetics carry it along and you can be affected by it.
If our liver is not working properly and our digestion system is week, it is very likely to lead to excess of toxins in our body. If excessive toxin is not able to come out of the body then it leads to acne, zits or pimples.
Stress is also considered by some professionals as one of the possible causes of acne. Although certain evidences have shown that it doesn't actually result in to acne up to a certain degree, stress will potentially increase acne as well as some other skin disorders that you may have.
It's not that you must not use make up at all. But, it is usually suggested to use light and water based makeup. Oily and heavy make up leads to clogging of pores thus leading to formation of pimples. Also, if you keep the make up on for much longer then it may lead to acne.
Though P. acnes is present on all skin types at all times, it starts multiplying rapidly once a follicle is plugged. These very Propionibacterium acnes are responsible for development of acne.
Our hormones witness a drastic change at major stages of our life such as puberty or pregnancy. At puberty, the body begins producing hormones called androgens (male hormones, but present in both males and females). These stimulate the sebaceous glands, which in turn, produce extra sebum. Androgen is also responsible for acne flare-ups during the menstrual cycle and at times, even during pregnancy. Add to these, psychological stress and depression and it can make the condition worse. Menstrual cycles also trigger hormonal changes which could lead to the development of acne.
Click here to read more about hormonal imbalance